What’s this? Chayote!

What’s this?


Hints:

  • This green, pear-shaped vegetable has pale, crisp flesh
  • Its consistency and mild flavoring is similar to a cucumber or zucchini
  • We like it sautéed with a little onion, cilantro and lime

 

It’s a Chayote Squash

Prevalent in Mexican, South American and South Pacific cuisine, the chayote is a vine vegetable that’s becoming more popular in and common in American markets and restaurants.

Chayote, often wedged, sliced or diced, should always be cooked before eaten. It can be boiled, added to soups, sautéed, steamed or used in salads, and is good served warm or chilled. As for nutritional benefits, it’s very low in calories (about 40 per cup) and is a good source of potassium and fiber.

Carmelo, when preparing Chayote for soups, says he usually slices the squash in half, removes the pit and dices the flesh into pieces before it’s tossed in the soup. If he’s going to prepare it for a salad, he boils the squash whole, lets it cool, then easily peels away the skin. If you choose to peel before boiling, some cookbook authors and produce experts suggest working under running water.

 

If you’re a fan of the Food Network, you may have seen chayote as an ingredient in recent programs, such as “Mexican Made Easy” starring Marcela Valladolid. She made an appetizer of sliced chayote with an avocado & bell pepper yogurt dip that is a must-try! Here’s the recipe and below are a few more:

 

Sautéed Chayote with Onion, Cilantro and Lime

This recipe, adapted from Vegetables Every Day by Jack Bishop, introduces bold flavors to the mild chayote, creating a fantastic side dish you can use with seafood, ham or even on Taco Tuesday. Serves 3-4 as a side.

 

Ingredients:

  • 3 medium chayote (about 1 ½ lbs. total), peeled, quartered, pitted and cut into ½ inch cubes, and rinsed  (work under running water when peeling)
  • 2 TBL Sigona’s Fresh Press extra virgin olive oil. We suggest our just pressed California Ultra Proprietary Blend, a fruity, medium-bold blend of Spanish cultivars
  • 1 medium white onion, halved and thinly sliced
  • 1 TBL minced fresh cilantro leaves
  • Juice from 1 small-medium lime (about 1 TBL)
  • Salt and pepper

Directions: Place a steamer basket in a wide, deep saucepan. Fill pan with water to reach just below the bottom of the steamer basket. Bring water to a boil and add prepared chayote. Cover pan and steam cook until crisp-tender, about 10 minutes. Remove and set aside.

Heat oil over medium heat in a large sauté pan. Add onion and cook, stirring, until golden, about 5 minutes. Add chayote and cook, stirring, until chayote is tender, about 5 minutes. Add in cilantro, lime juice and salt/pepper to taste. Serve warm.

 

Hot & Sour Chayote Shrimp Soup

Chayote pairs well with seafood, and for this recipe, adapted from Uncommon Fruits & Vegetables by Elizabeth Schneider, brings the two together in a soup that can be made hotter if desired. The shrimp and mushrooms made this a filling, warm soup that’s great for chilly days.

 

Ingredients:

  • ½ lb. small in-shell shrimp, rinsed
  • Rind from 1 small Meyer lemon
  • 1 stalk lemongrass, use the top, thin, grass-like part only
  • ½ tsp. allspice berries (whole allspice)
  • 2-3 cloves garlic, sliced
  • 2 TBL oyster sauce, plus 1 TBL (you’ll need 3 total)
  • 5 cups water
  • 1 medium chayote (about ¾ lb.), peeled, pitted and diced into ¼ inch cubes (work under running water when peeling)
  • 6 oz. baby Shitake mushrooms (we recommend baby Shitake mushrooms because you can use them whole and they’re easy to work with. Their resilient texture will add to the complexity of this dish.)
  • 2 tsp chili-garlic paste, or more depending on heat level desired (chili-garlic paste is available in most Asian food aisles or Asian grocery stores)
  • Juice from 1-2 lemons (about ¼ cup)
  • Fresh cilantro leaves, to taste (optional)

Directions: Reserving the shells, peel, devein and half the shrimp lengthwise. Set shrimp meat aside.

To make shrimp broth, combine shrimp shells in a large soup pot with lemon rind, lemongrass, allspice, garlic, 2 TBL oyster sauce and water. Cover and simmer for 15-20 minutes.

Strain shrimp broth, discarding shells and other solids, and return broth to the pot. Add in chayote and simmer until not quite tender, about 5-6 minutes.

Add peeled and deveined shrimp to the broth, along with the mushrooms and 1 tsp. chili paste. Bring to a boil, stirring, until shrimp turn pink. Slowly add in lemon juice, additional chili paste and oyster sauce to taste. Stir in cilantro, if using, and serve.

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